Fauns, Satyrs and Pan: how the devil got his hooves.
Thursday, February 6, 2014 at 9:21PM
Marcel in background, fauns, mythology, pan, satyrs

A question recently posted to me was: what is the difference between Fauns and Satyrs and why do they all look like Pan, the Roman god of music, gambling and male fertility? Well, here is the answer.

Around 400 BC, when Rome was just becoming a city, they looked at ancient Greece for a lot of their cultural identity. Ancient Greece's cultural domination of southern Europe was waning and Rome, as we now know, was going to be the next best thing. Therefore, many of the ancient Greek myths and gods morphed into the more contemporary Roman gods. 

That's what happened to the Satyr. Originally a Greek mythological creature, satyrs were companions of the Greek god Dionysus (of wine, play and general party). They were originally depicted as hairy dwarf-like creatures who carried a shepherd's crook. They were care-free and played the flute but also associated with shepherd, flocks, hunters and everything wild.

The Romans took the Satyr (not entirely subconscienciously) and transformed it into the Faun. The Faun itself was actually a transformation of the gods Faunus and Fauna who had the upper body of a man, but the lower body of a donkey or goat. They are associated with woodlands, forests and other remote places and usually try to trick humans. They had less to do with male fertility than the Satyr, but were wiser.

And then there is Pan. The god Pan is rumoured to be the son of Zeus and a nymph. He is therefore... Greek, originally. He has goat's legs and a flute and is associated with the wild, wine and fertility.

How, exactly, the three got mixed up is not known (at least not by me), but mixed up they got. Many painters and writers even mix them up and the three names nowadays are almost synonymous.

As a final thought, when Christianity came into play and started imposing ethics and norms on the common people, there was no more place for fun-loving Mr. Pan. Except... for being the bad guy! All that wine and sexuality, he was a perfect candidate. And so Pan, in modern times, morphed into the fallen angel Lucifer, kicked out of Heaven by the archangel Michael and now ruling the fiery underworld.

He is the why the devil got his hooves!

Article originally appeared on European Ghost (http://europeanghost.com/).
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